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自動詞と他動詞

自動詞と他動詞

■自動詞(vi.):(        )を取らない動詞
■他動詞(vt.):(         )を取る動詞

☆例えば・・・
The curtain (rises raise). カーテンが上がる。
(Raise Rise)your hand. 手を上げなさい。

☆同じ意味のどうしても、自動詞の場合と、他動詞の場合がある。
I reached(     ) Africa in August. (  )動詞
I arrived(     ) Africa in August.  (   )動詞
I got (     ) Africa in August.   (   )動詞
私は8月、アフリカに到着した。

☆同じ動詞でも自動詞か他動詞かによって意味が変わる。
I ran to the station to see her off.
(                            )
Her mother ran the nursery school.
(                            )

■自動詞
  ①完全自動詞(目的語も補語も取らない)・・・第一文型SV
    I go to school by bus.
  ②不完全自動詞(目的語はとらないが、補語は取る)・・・第二文型SVC
    She is beautiful.
■他動詞
  ③完全他動詞(目的語をひとつ取る)・・・第三文型SVO
   I love you.
④授与動詞(目的語を2つ取る)・・・第四文型SVOO
   I gave her a diamond ring.
⑤不完全他動詞(目的語をひとつと補語をひとつとる)・・・第五文型SVOC
   They call me Hirage.

次の文の文型を言い、日本語に直しなさい。
(1) (a) His face turned pale suddenly. [ ]
( )
(b) The man turned the corner suddenly. [ ]
( )

(2) (a) This pleasant weather did not hold long. [ ]
( )
(b) The gentleman held her hand tightly. [ ]
( )

(3) (a) He found his son on the beach. [ ]
( )
(b) (b)He found his son safe on the beach. [ ]
( )

(4)(a) We can’t stand that woman any more. [ ]
( )
(b) (b) The old church stands on the green hill. [ ]
( )

(5) (a) The thick overcoat keeps the old man warm. [ ]
( )
(b) These fruits don’t keep long in hot weather. [ ]
( )

(6) (a) I had my purse stolen in the train. [ ]
( )
(b) I had my lunch in the park. [ ]
( )

(7) (a) He got angry with the drunkard. [ ]
( )
(b) He got a job in a department store. [ ]
( )

(8) (a) Five years in the country made him duller than ever. [ ]
( )
(b) We made a great many things out of leather. [ ]
( )

(9) (a) His father ran a girls school in Boston. [ ]
( )
(b) The thief ran so fast that we failed to catch him. [ ]
( )

(10) (a) Milk did me a great deal of good. [ ]
( )
(b) This sort of work won’t do for me. [ ]
(

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